Interview as a method of collecting information: strategy of questions
It is important to tell apart interviews as a technique of collecting interviewing and information being a genre. In the 1st situation, interview, that is, interaction with individuals, is certainly one of three straight ways to acquire information by way of a researcher. Two different ways are:
- observation, if the researcher himself can be an eyewitness of this event,
- using the services of documents, in which the document means any material carrier texts that are containing images.
Kinds of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as a technique of data gathering in turn are divided in to:
- genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to recognize the characteristics of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).
The reportage meeting was discussed within the previous chapter. In regards to the investigative will find out into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview as being a genre, as a method of text formatting by means of questions from the interviewer in addition to answers of this interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the quantity of concerns for the researcher is minimized (they generally are not any after all), in the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.
The fact the meeting is a discussion, suggests concerning the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out by way of a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint with this essay writer journalist has also been interesting to readers, because the viewpoint of this interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks the maximum amount of or even more in a job interview being an interlocutor, that is a indication of insufficient qualification.
Forms of interviews with respect to the subject. Subject meeting
With regards to the subject, you can find three types of interviews:
Subject of the topic interview is their state of things in every field of task. Often this will be a job interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist just as much as he’s linked to this continuing state of affairs. As an example, a police officer informs simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor explains simple tips to protect your self from the flu epidemic. The economic advisor makes a forecast the length of time the crisis may be on the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the personal life of the interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling regarding the topic interview consists of three parts. First, they show the interlocutor’s connection with the subject. Then there’s a parsing associated with subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The topic interview comes to an end with all the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.
The hero for the interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. That is information interview, among the news genres. The task associated with journalist would be to learn whenever you can the main points and information on what happened. As in the truth of an expert, the interlocutor’s interaction utilizing the topic is very first shown, then your topic is deepened, additionally the ending is specialized in general impressions of exactly what took place as well as the conclusions that the interlocutor made.